Wood Types

Sheesham wood, also known as Indian Rosewood or Dalbergia sisso, is a deciduous tree, native to the Indian Subcontinent. It is a type of Solid wood.Sheesham is best known internationally as a premier timber species of the rosewood genus.

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Sheesham wood, also known as Indian Rosewood or Dalbergia sisso, is a deciduous tree, native to the Indian Subcontinent. It is a type of Solid wood.Sheesham is best known internationally as a premier timber species of the rosewood genus.

Open-grained hardwoods must be filled.

If the wood is to be stained, this operation

should precede filling or be combined with

it-filler-stain preparations are available

in a number of shades. If wood filler is applied

separately, it should be brushed or

wiped on and the excess rubbed off with a

clean rag. It is important to follow the manufacturer’s

instructions faithfully with all

finishing materials.

Close-grained woods do not need to be

filled, but a coat of thin shellac is recommended

to seal fir before varnishing, because

of the soft grain. If there are any

knots or resin pockets in the wood, they

should be sealed with shellac or knotsealer.

Plastic wood or crack filler (in shades to

match the wood, if a natural finish is selected)

should be used to fill nail holes or

crevices after they have been primed, either

by the first finish coat or !by swabbing with

linseed oil or varnish.

Natural finishes

Among natural finishes, the least discolora- ;

tion of the raw wood is obtained with wax, ;

but this method also offers least protection :

against hard usage. A single coat of white I

shellac or clear varnish should precede the;

wax. Combined varnish-wax preparations

are also available. j

Clear lacquer can yield striking results, and!

, I

Wood Finish

WOOD FINISH

there are now preparations available which

make it possible to apply this traditiomilly

difficult material with a brush instead of a

spray-gun.

A “white” shellac finish will discolor wood

less than varnish, but is not waterproof. A

“5-lb cut” shellac contains 5 lb of shellac

gum to the gallon of alcohol; “4-lb cut” contains

only 4 lb. Either of these concentrations

will give good results, but the “3-lb

cut” frequently found in stores is not recommended,

except for preliminary coats,

which should be thin.

Varnish finish combines durability with the

attractiveness of a natural finish. Spar varniSh

is suitable for pieces like kitchen cabinets,

that are exposed to moisture. Other

types of varnish are suitable for high-gloss

effects, and some types have pigment added

. to combine the coloring effect of paint with

the natural grain of the wood.

Paint or enamel finish

If the wood is to be painted, it must first be

primed, although some special formulations

and most rubber-base paints are self-priming.

If it is to be enameled, best results will

be obtained by using an enamel undercoat

preparation. It is generally advisable to mix

a little of the finish coat into the white

primer or enamel undercoat, in order to

tint it, and provide a better base for the

final pigment. This measure is especially

advisable if the final color is very deep.

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