Sheesham wood, also known as Indian Rosewood or Dalbergia sisso, is a deciduous tree, native to the Indian Subcontinent. It is a type of Solid wood.Sheesham is best known internationally as a premier timber species of the rosewood genus. It is the most widely used wood in the handicraft industry. It is also known
as Indian Rosewood. Sheesham is best known internationally as a premier timber species of the rosewood genus, but is also utilised as an important fuel wood and for shade and shelter. With its multiple products, tolerance to light frost and long dry seasons, this species deserves greater consideration for tree farming, reforestation and agro forestry applications. After teak, it is the second most important cultivated timber tree in the state of Punjab – which is the largest producer of sheesham timber in Pakistan and India, although it is the 6 provincial tree of the Pakistani Punjab. In Bihar, the tree is planted on roadsides, along canals and as a shade tree for tea plantations. Dalbergia sissoo is known to contain the neofl avonoid albergichromene in its stem-bark and heartwood.Sheesham is among the fi nest cabinet and veneer timbers. The heartwood is golden to dark brown, and sapwood white to pale brownish white. The heartwood is extremely durable (the specifi c gravity is 0.7 – 0.8) and is very resistant to drywood termites; but the sapwood is readily attacked by fungi and borers. It is used for plywood, agricultural and musical instruments, as well as skis, carvings, boats, fl oorings, etc. Around 34.43% manufacturers are using Sheesham wood. Craftsman use Sheesham for making household furniture, offi ce furniture, big articles and for remaking the old furniture because it is hard and tough wood to carve. It comes from Shriganganagar in Rajasthan, UP, Punjab and Bihar.
Purchasing Sheesham from Bihar is costly than other places because the one found in Bihar is the best quality. Due to decrease in its plantation in Bihar and speedy deforestation, its sourcing from Bihar to other states has been banned.
Mango (Mangifera indica)
It is soft and durable to carve small articles like gifts, decorative and other small
articles. It is the second most widely used wood after Sheesham in the wood based
handicraft industry in Jodhpur. Over 33.78 % mango wood is being used in Jodhpur
handicraft industry. Gujarat, UP and MP are famous for mango tree plantation.
Acacia (Babool) is found in Rajasthan and Gujarat. It is well known in western
Rajasthan. It does not need much water & care to grow, and is thus very popular
in the western regions of Rajasthan. Around 21.19 % wood used in Jodhpur
handicraft industry is Babool. It is cheaper than Sheesham and can be easily
found in western Rajasthan, so it is also used for furniture and big articles.